Organisasi arsitektur komputer

Architecture & Organization 1
Architecture is those attributes visible to the programmer
Instruction set, number of bits used for data representation, I/O mechanisms, addressing techniques.
e.g. Is there a multiply instruction?
Organization is how features are implemented
Control signals, interfaces, memory technology.
e.g. Is there a hardware multiply unit or is it done by repeated addition?

Architecture & Organization 2

All Intel x86 family share the same basic architecture
The IBM System/370 family share the same basic architecture
This gives code compatibility
At least backwards
Organization differs between different versions
Structure & Function
Structure is the way in which components relate to each other
Function is the operation of individual components as part of the structure
All computer functions are:
Data processing
Data storage
Data movement
Functional View :

Operations (a) Data movement :

Operations (b) Storage : 

Operation (c) Processing from/to storage :

Operation (d) Processing from storage to I/O :

Structure - Top Level :
Structure - The CPU :
Structure - The Control Unit :
Outline of the Book (1) :

Computer Evolution and Performance
Computer Interconnection Structures
Internal Memory
External Memory
Operating Systems Support
Computer Arithmetic
Instruction Sets

 Outline of the Book (2) :

CPU Structure and Function
Reduced Instruction Set Computers
Superscalar Processors
Control Unit Operation
Microprogrammed Control
Multiprocessors and Vector Processing
Digital Logic (Appendix)
Internet Resources - Web site for book :
links to sites of interest
links to sites for courses that use the book
errata list for book
information on other books by W. Stallings
Research resources
Internet Resources - Web sites to look for
WWW Computer Architecture Home Page
CPU Info Center
Processor Emporium
ACM Special Interest Group on Computer Architecture
IEEE Technical Committee on Computer Architecture
Intel Technology Journal
Manufacturer’s sites
Intel, IBM, etc.
Internet Resources - Usenet News Groups :

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